The human mouth is one part of the body that goes through a lot. It is a vital part of our existence as human beings, because it allows us to take in food and drink, as well as communicate with other people around us. The gums, which are structures of bone and soft tissue that hold and support our teeth, are especially susceptible to developing uncomfortable diseases. There are a variety of issues gums can have and they can result from a wide range of factors and cause. Many people develop some sort of gum disease in their lifetime. Understanding what causes these gum diseases, how to prevent them and how they should be treated is something that can really be beneficial.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Diseases of the gums are often known as periodontal diseases. The main reason why gum diseases are so prevalent, especially amongst people who are in their 30s and 40s, is that the human mouth harbors many types of bacteria. Another reason why people may develop periodontal disease is if they are heavy smokers. A few diseases, such as diabetes and AIDS, as well as certain medications, can also aggravate the gums and cause disease, or worsen an already existing condition. If a person has not been doing their part to keep their mouth as clean as possible by brushing and flossing often, the plaque and tartar on the teeth can build up and cause gingivitis, which is an inflammation of the gums. This condition is fairly common and although it can lead to more inflammation in the form of periodontitis, it is also pretty easy to remedy.
Treating Gum Disease
There are a wide variety of treatments available to treat gum diseases. For minor problems such as gingivitis, brushing and flossing more frequently and getting a thorough cleaning from your dentist will remedy your gums fairly quickly. If you have a severe periodontal disease, your dentist may need to take an x ray to see if any bone has been damaged. You may also be given a deep cleaning, which serves to remove all the plaque that is above and below the gum line. No matter what type of periodontal disease you have, the main focus of any treatment you receive will be to contain the infection. Surgery may be necessary. The dentist will prescribe certain medication to help relieve your condition, as well as giving you tips on how to help your gums fully heal and prevent further problems in the future.